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New EPA Rules Protect Women and Children from Chemical Testing
The Environmental Protection Agency, on Friday, February 8, strengthened federal standards to make it harder for the chemical industry to use people as test subjects in pesticide research that is sent to the agency to help set health protection standards.
Migrant Clinicians Network, a coalition of health and environmental advocates, and other farmworker protection groups filed a lawsuit against EPA in 2006 against the agency seeking to prohibit EPA’s reliance on these unethical experiments that often led to weakened pesticide safety standards. MCN and the other plaintiffs claimed that its 2006 rule violated a law Congress passed a year earlier requiring strict ethical and scientific protections for pesticide testing on humans.
“This will better protect Americans from often unethical and unscientific human testing by pesticide manufacturers,” said Jennifer Sass, senior scientist in the Natural Resources Defense Council’s health and environmental program. “While the new standards do not completely ban human testing, they prohibit the EPA from considering pesticide tests conducted on pregnant women and children. They also protect people by ensuring that the EPA puts sound science in determining whether a human study can be relied upon for setting human health standards.
Attorneys with NRDC, Earthjustice, and Farmworker Justice served as legal counsel for the coalition.
EPA strengthened the standards with new amendments to a 2006 rule, “Protections for Subjects in Human Research.” According to the EPA, the standards are intended to guide third parties including pesticide companies and other research sponsors who want to submit research to the agency involving exposing people to pesticides. The EPA said the new amendments implement National Academy of Sciences recommendations and seek to satisfy EPA’s commitments under a 2010 settlement agreement with NRDC and other groups who challenged the 2006 rule.
“The pesticide industry has used these unethical experiments to argue for weaker pesticide safety standards. We hope that the new regulations will result in greater protections for those who are most exposed to pesticides, particularly farmworkers and their families,” said Bruce Goldstein, president of Farmworker Justice.
The 2006 lawsuit was brought by the Farm Labor Organizing Committee, MCN, NRDC, Pesticide Action Network North America, United Farm Workers, Pineros y Campesinos Unidos del Noroeste (Northwest Treeplanters and Farmworkers United) and the San Francisco Bay Area Physicians for Social Responsibility.