The principal goal of primary eye care is to decrease the incidence of preventable eye diseases and vision impairment. For example, primary eye exams can reveal systemic disease such as diabetes and other blood vessel, neurologic, and endocrine disorders. Prevention of eye diseases and injuries can be accomplished through community education with a focus on nutrition and eye care safety. An effective primary and preventive eye care program can prepare your community to recognize and prevent problems associated with the eyes.
The profile of primary eye care programs will differ depending on local funding and services. However, there are a number of common elements . Primary eye care activities can take place in an outreach, clinic, or referral setting. Activities can include: vision and disease/injury screening, prevention education, referrals for prescriptions or treatment, and/or the provision of low cost glasses.
For more information about primary eye care programs for migrants you can download the Primary Eye Care Manual from the link in the right hand column of this page.