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Part 4 of the 6 webinar series: Essential Clinical Issues in Migration Health

DATE RECORDED: May 14, 2014
PRESENTED BY:  Candace Kugel, FNP, CNM and Megan Danielson, CNM

View Recorded Webinar 

 Participant Evaluation  

 Presentation Slides (PDF)

To receive CME* or CNE credit after viewing any of these webinars you must do the following:
  • Complete the Participant Evaluation associated with each webinar
  • Send an email with your first and last name stating which webinar you completed to

Migrant women face significant disparities with an additional layer of complexity and require different intervention strategies. Among them are reproductive health, pregnancy and childbirth, sexual and intimate partner violence, and cancers that disproportionately affect women, including cervical and breast cancer. Women often face environmental and occupational health exposures both in the home and in the workplace that heighten health risks. This session will provide a follow-up to the July 2013 presentation “Women’s Health at the Intersection of Poverty and Migration” that was part of our Clinician Orientation to Migration Health webinar series.  During this presentation Candace Kugel, FNP, CNM, and Meagan Danielson, CNM will discuss quality improvement and health care services for migrant women. The HRSA clinical performance measures related to women’s health will be reviewed as well as resources and best practices for improving the health of migrant women.

Learning Objectives:

  1. Describe strategies to address clinical core measures that relate to women’s health .
  2. Discuss case studies that assist participants in understanding how creative collaborations and models of care can improve health outcomes for migrant women.
  3. Participants will be able to access clinical resources for working with female migrant patients.



Low Birth Weight Resources

Cervical Cancer Resources

Other Resources

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Part 6 of the 7 webinar series: Clinician Orientation to Migration Health

DATE: presented live on July 17th, 2013

PRESENTED BY: Candace Kugel, FNP, CNM, Specialist in Clinical Systems & Women's Health and Melissa Bailey, Executive Director of North Carolina Field, Inc.

 Women's Health at the Intersection of Poverty & Migration
View Recorded WebinarParticipant EvaluationPresentation Slides


Additional Resources:

MCN Women's Health page

MCN Health Network

Any prenatal patient who may move out of your area before giving birth is eligible to be enrolled in the Health Network. MCN will provide care coordination throughout the course of her pregnancy, until her postpartum visit is completed, to help ensure that there are no gaps in her health care.  512-327-2017 or 800-825-8205.


MCN Environmental Health/Pesticides Resources
MCN Family Violence Resources
MCN Streamline articles
Other Women’s Health Resources for Migrant/Immigrant Care
  • Text4Baby:  A free service that provides health education by text to pregnant women and new mothers in English and Spanish
  • The Perinatal/HIV Hotline: The National Perinatal HIV Consultation and Referral Service (Perinatal Hotline) provides 24-hour advice from HIV experts on indications and interpretations of HIV testing in pregnancy as well as consultation on treating HIV-infected pregnant women and their infants. The Perinatal Hotline (888-448-8765) is available 24 hours, seven days per week.
  • Centering Pregnancy: A model of group prenatal care widely used in a variety of settings, including FQHCs and with immigrant populations.  Materials are available in Spanish.
  • Rural Women’s Health Project  Pregnancy fotonovelas in English and Spanish.
  • Auger Communications “Teach with Stories” Prenatal Care fotonovela series and “Pregnancy and Diabetes: Lucia’s Story”
  • Wake Forest University One-page pesticides and pregnancy handout in English and Spanish. 
  • Migrant Health Promotion Farmworker Doula Manual
  • National Women’s Health Information Center. This website and toll-free call center were created to provide free, reliable health information for women everywhere, including lots of materials in Spanish.
  • March of Dimes  An array of materials at various literacy levels and almost everything in Spanish. Pamphlets, videos, "Comenzando Bien" curriculum.
  • Centers for Disease Control The CDC's Spanish website for women's health includes handouts in Spanish that can be printed from the website
  • National Perinatal Association Published transcultural perinatal education curriculum.
  • California Diabetes and Pregnancy Program.  Catalog of patient education materials in English and Spanish for perinatal issues related to diabetes and gestational diabetes.
  • “Diabetes gestacional: Guía para la mujer embarazada”.  Spanish language guide on gestational diabetes from AHRQ.
  • Association of Farmworker Opportunity Programs: “The Fields: The Hidden Faces of Farmworker Women” Interviews and stories about the issues that matter most to farmworker women’s health and well-being
  • Human Rights Watch:  “Cultivating Fear: The Vulnerability of Immigrant Farmworkers in the US to Sexual Violence and Sexual Harassment”
  • Legal Momentum Immigrant Women Program legal rights for immigrant women
  • Trafficking information



Historically, the field of women's health consisted of issues surrounding reproduction and childbirth. However, increasingly, the health care community has come to see women as a distinct patient group that has unique health concerns over a lifetime. Migrant farmworker women experience unique risks during pregnancy and otherwise, due to the physical demands, environmental exposures and other circumstances of their lives.  The provision of healthcare services to migrant women presents distinctive challenges for both clinicians and organizations.  MCN’s Candace Kugel, CRNP, CNM, and Melissa Bailey, Executive Director of NC FIELD, Inc., both with many years of experience with this population will discuss the problems, solutions and rewards of working with migrant women, through case illustrations and review of resources.

After taking this webinar:

  • Participants will be able to identify at least 2 health risks unique to women farmworkers and the impact of those challenges on work, nutrition and health.
  • Participants will be able to describe environmental and occupational health exposures relevant to farmworker women of reproductive age.
  • Case studies will assist participants in understanding how creative collaborations and models of care can improve health outcomes for migrant women.
  • Participants will be able to access clinical resources for working with female migrant patients.


Candace Kugel, FNP, CNM, Specialist in Clinical Systems & Women's Health, Migrant Clinicians Network

Candace Kugel is a Family Nurse Practitioner and Certified Nurse-Midwife with over twenty years of experience in health care for the underserved. She has worked in various clinical settings, including family planning, migrant health, community health center, and private practice. She has worked almost exclusively in rural settings.

Candace has also been active in aspects of health care other than direct patient services. She has served as a clinical instructor for nurse practitioner, nurse-midwife, nursing, and medical students, and currently has faculty appointments with the University of Cincinnati and Penn State University’s Schools of Nursing. She has worked in program development in various arenas, including co-founding a “Stork’s Store” prenatal incentive program, initiating a natural family planning education program, and teaching childbirth education classes.

Melissa Bailey, Executive Director of North Carolina Field, Inc.

Melissa Bailey is a native of southern West Virginia. She has worked in North Carolina migrant education programs since 2001. In 2010 AFOP’s Children in the Fields Campaign assisted community workers with forming the nonprofit NC FIELD. This effort aimed to establish an organizational empowerment and advocacy model to build capacity in farmworker communities, particularly among child laborers in agriculture. In 2012 Melissa became the Executive Director of NC FIELD. 

She has presented to local, state, and national stakeholders; assisted media; has worked as a research assistant on farmworker studies; assisted with organizational development and the leadership training of child farmworkers, and is a successful field organizer, consultant, and project manager. Melissa holds a certificate in Nonprofit Management from Duke University, among other certifications related to the delivery of supplemental education services and data.

In her spare time Melissa enjoys reading, writing, gardening, and spending time with loved ones.

The CHAMACOS study is a longitudinal birth cohort study examining chemicals and other factors in the environment and children's health. 

In 1999-2000, CHAMACOS enrolled 601 pregnant women living in the agircultural Salinas Valley.  They are following their children through age 12 to measure their exposures to pesticides and other chemicals and to determine if this exposure impacts their growth, health, and development. 

To help more pregnant women and new moms get information about caring for their health and giving their babies the best possible start in life, the National Healthy Mothers, Healthy Babies Coalition (HMHB) launched text4baby, the first free health text messaging service in the U.S.Text4baby supports moms by providing accurate, text-length health information and resources in a format that is personal and timely, using a channel she knows and uses. Over 85% of Americans own a cell phone and 72% of cell users send or receive text messages.